大画家的别样“自拍”

新东方书友会2018-02-12 07:41:10

我们将要介绍的五幅自画像可谓是现代自拍的前身。


它们或许并不是最优秀或最有名的作品,但却促成了一次触碰一些最具影响力的艺术大师灵魂的绝妙旅行。


一起来欣赏一下吧~

阿尔布雷希特·丢勒的《自画像》

( 创作于1500 年)


阿尔布雷希特·丢勒不但是德国文艺复兴时期当之无愧的天才和整个艺术史上最著名的艺术家之一,他还是首位自画像大师。


丢勒在众多绘画及素描作品中都画过自己,他创作第一幅自画像时年仅13岁。


1500年的这幅《自画像》大概是丢勒创作的所有自画像中技法最为成熟的一幅。


Self-portrait

(Albrecht Dürer, 1500)


In addition to being the unquestionable genius of the German Renaissance, and one of the most important artists of the whole history of art, Albrecht Dürer is the first master of the self-portrait.


Dürer pictured himself in numerous paintings and drawings, the first of them created when he was only 13 years old. 


The Self-portrait (1500) is arguably the most developed of all the self-portraits painted by Dürer.

列奥纳多·达·芬奇的《自画像》

( 创作于1512 年前后)


列奥纳多1452年出生于芬奇镇,在整个艺术史上,没有任何一位艺术家比这位天才画家、雕塑家、建筑师和科学家更为传奇。


据说,这幅伟大的画作是这位大师仅存的一幅自画像。


人们普遍认为这幅作品创作于1512年,如果这一时间准确无误,再考虑到他完成这幅素描时不过60岁上下,那么这位艺术家将自己画成一位耄耋之年的老人还真是不寻常。


Self-portrait

(Leonardo da Vinci, around 1512)


In the whole history of art, there is no artist more legendary than Leonardo, the genius painter, sculptor, architect and scientist born in Vinci in 1452.


It is said that this extraordinary drawing is the only surviving self-portrait by the master.


If the generally accepted date (1512) for this work is correct, it is quite remarkable that the artist had depicted himself as an ancient man, if we consider that he was only 60 years old or so at the time this drawing was finished.


 伦勃朗·凡·赖恩的《自画像》

( 创作于1659 年)


伦勃朗是荷兰画坛的大师级人物,也是一位伟大的自画像大师:他在50多幅油画及素描作品中都画过自己。


这位艺术家画笔下的自己或年轻或年迈,或大笑或大叫,或惊讶或沉默。


《自画像》这幅油画是这位艺术家在年逾五旬时创作的,这大概是他所创作过的最棒的一幅自画像,是对这位对自己从不留情的艺术家进行的写实、真诚而又无情的刻画。


 Self-portrait

(Rembrandt van Rijn, 1659)


Rembrandt is a great master of Dutch painting and also a great master of the self-portrait: he painted himself in more than fifty canvases and drawings. 


The artist depicted himself young and old, laughing and shouting, surprised and quiet. 


This canvas, painted when the artist was over 50 years old, is arguably the best self-portrait he ever created, an honest, sincere and ruthless portrait of an artist who had never shown mercy to himself.

文森特·梵高的《割耳朵后的自画像》

( 创作于1889 年)


梵高和他缠着绷带的耳朵的故事实在是太有名

了,所以我们只需在此对其进行一个简要的概述。


1888年12月,梵高用剃刀威胁保罗·高庚,后来他割下了自己左耳的耳垂并将其包在报纸里。高庚离开了阿尔勒,从此再也没有见过梵高。


这幅画是梵高在“割耳事件”之后所创作的两幅自画像中的一幅。


反常地是,画中这位艺术家的面部表情比他创作的其他许多幅自画像中的表情都更为平静。


Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear

(Vincent van Gogh, 1889)


The story of Van Gogh and his bandaged ear is so famous that we only need to make a brief summary of it.


In December 1888, Van Gogh threatened Paul Gauguinwith a razor and then he cut off the lower part of his own left ear, which he wrapped in a newspaper. Gauguin left Arles and did not see Van Gogh ever again. 


This is one of the two selfportraits that Van Gogh painted after the "ear incident". 


The expression of the artist's face is, paradoxically, calmer than in many other self-portraits by the artist.

巴勃罗·毕加索的《自画像》

( 创作于1901 年)


在快要20岁时,毕加索来到了法国首都巴黎,然而初到这里的生活并不容易。


这位年轻的天才画家孤身一人且经济拮据,在这个偌大的都市中四处游荡。


这幅作品的恬淡与朴实无华以及蓄着八字胡的人物那不羁的神态,一起塑造出了一位勇敢而坚定的艺术家形象:他在重重困难面前能轻松找到自己的方向。


Self-portrait

(Pablo Picasso, 1901)


Picasso arrived in Paris just before turning 20, and his beginnings in the French capital were not easy.


Alone and with economic difficulties, the young genius wandered in the huge city. 


The serenity and austerity6) of the work and the bohemian7) look of the moustached8) figure make up the image of a brave and decided artist who could easily find his way in spite of all difficulties.


文章摘自《新东方英语·中学生》




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